Anaconda is the most popular, free and open-source distribution of Python and R Programming language. It is used for large-scale data processing, predictive analysis and scientific computing. The Anaconda distribution is used by over 15 million users and includes more than 1500 popular data-science packages. This tutorial describes how to install Anaconda on Debian 10 machine.
Before you starting installation on Debian 10, you should logged in as a non-root user with sudo privileges.
The latest stable version of Anaconda is version 2019.03 at the time of writing this article. You should visit Anaconda Download Page and check if there is a new version is available for download.
Follow the below steps to download and install Anaconda on you Debian system:
At first, navigate to
/tmp directory by typing:
curl -O https://repo.anaconda.com/archive/Anaconda3-2019.03-Linux-x86_64.sh
It will take few minutes to complete download.
After that verify the Data Integrity of the Script using
It should return output as below:
Ensure that above hash should matches with hash available at Anaconda with Python 3 on 64 bit Linux page
Now run the Anaconda Installation Script to start Anaconda installation process:
Output should show as given below:
Welcome to Anaconda3 2019.03 In order to continue the installation process, please review the license agreement. Please, press ENTER to continue
ENTER key to continue and press
ENTER again to scroll through the license. At last, you will be asked to accept the license terms.
Do you approve the license terms? [yes|no]
You should type
yes to accept the license and you will be asked to choose the installation directory.
Anaconda3 will now be installed into this location: /home/tecnstuff/anaconda3 - Press ENTER to confirm the location - Press CTRL-C to abort the installation - Or specify a different location below
It’s better to set default location so just press
ENTER to confirm the location and continue installation process.
Installation finished. Do you wish the installer to prepend the Anaconda3 install location to PATH in your /home/tecnstuff/.bashrc ? [yes|no]
If you want to use command line utility
conda then type
yes and press
ENTER after this you will get output like below:
Appending source /home/tecnstuff/anaconda3/bin/activate to /home/tecnstuff/.bashrc A backup will be made to: /home/tecnstuff/.bashrc-anaconda3.bak For this change to become active, you have to open a new terminal. Thank you for installing Anaconda3!
It will ask to you whether you would like to download and install Visual Studio Code Editor.
Anaconda is partnered with Microsoft! Microsoft VSCode is a streamlined code editor with support for development operations like debugging, task running and version control. To install Visual Studio Code, you will need: - Administrator Privileges - Internet connectivity Visual Studio Code License: https://code.visualstudio.com/license Do you wish to proceed with the installation of Microsoft VSCode? [yes|no]
If you want to install Visual Studio Code type
yes otherwise type
To activate the Anaconda installation load the new
PATH environment variable:
Now verify the installation by typing:
active environment : None user config file : /home/tecnstuff/.condarc populated config files : conda version : 4.5.4 conda-build version : 3.10.5 python version : 3.7.0.final.0 base environment : /home/tecnstuff/anaconda3 (writable) channel URLs : https://repo.anaconda.com/pkgs/main/linux-64 https://repo.anaconda.com/pkgs/main/noarch https://repo.anaconda.com/pkgs/free/linux-64 https://repo.anaconda.com/pkgs/free/noarch https://repo.anaconda.com/pkgs/r/linux-64 https://repo.anaconda.com/pkgs/r/noarch https://repo.anaconda.com/pkgs/pro/linux-64 https://repo.anaconda.com/pkgs/pro/noarch package cache : /home/tecnstuff/anaconda3/pkgs /home/tecnstuff/.conda/pkgs envs directories : /home/tecnstuff/anaconda3/envs /home/tecnstuff/.conda/envs platform : linux-64 user-agent : conda/4.5.4 requests/2.18.4 CPython/3.6.5 Linux/4.15.0-22-generic debian/9 glibc/2.27 UID:GID : 1000:1000 netrc file : None offline mode : False
To update Anaconda is very easy and simple. You can regularly update the Anaconda using below command.
At first, update the conda tool by typing:
conda update conda
You will be prompted to confirm update, type
y to proceed ahead.
Once conda is updated, proceed with the Anaconda update:
conda update anaconda
Same as with the previous command, when prompted, type
y to proceed. You should regularly update your Anaconda installation.
You can uninstall Anaconda from your Debian system using below steps:
Run the below command to remove the entire Anaconda installation directory:
rm -rf ~/anaconda3
After that you have to edit the
~/.bashrc file and remove the Anaconda directory from the PATH environment variable:
# added by Anaconda3 installer export PATH="/home/tecnstuff/anaconda3/bin:$PATH"
At last, run the following command to remove hidden files and folders which are created during installation.
rm -rf ~/.condarc ~/.conda ~/.continuum
You have downloaded and installed Anaconda on your Debian 10 system. If you want more details about Anaconda you can learn at Official Getting started with conda guide.
If you have any question or suggestion, please leave comment below.