Apache Cassandra is an open-source NoSQL database system with high availability and without compromising performance. It is used by many large companies like Github, NetFlix, Reddit and Instagram. In this described how to install Apache Cassandra on Debian 10 Buster.
You should logged in as root or user with sudo privileges.
Step 1 – Install Java
To install the latest Apache Cassandra version
3.11 requires OpenJDK 8 to be installed on your Debian system. So first we will enable AdoptOpenJdk repository and install pre-built OpenJDK 8 by running following command:
sudo apt update
sudo apt install apt-transport-https ca-certificates wget dirmngr gnupg software-properties-common
Import the repository’s GPG key and add the AdoptOpenJDK APT repository to your system:
wget -qO - https://adoptopenjdk.jfrog.io/adoptopenjdk/api/gpg/key/public | sudo apt-key add -
sudo add-apt-repository --yes https://adoptopenjdk.jfrog.io/adoptopenjdk/deb/
Install Java 8 by running the following commands:
sudo apt update
sudo apt install adoptopenjdk-8-hotspot
Once the process completed, verify the Java installation by typing:
The output should look something like this:
openjdk version "1.8.0_232" OpenJDK Runtime Environment (AdoptOpenJDK)(build 1.8.0_232-b09) OpenJDK 64-Bit Server VM (AdoptOpenJDK)(build 25.232-b09, mixed mode)
Step – 2 Add Repository & Import GPG Key
Next, you need to add repository for the Apache Cassandra and import the GPG key using wget to the system:
wget -q -O - https://www.apache.org/dist/cassandra/KEYS | sudo apt-key add -
sudo sh -c 'echo "deb https://www.apache.org/dist/cassandra/debian 311x main" > /etc/apt/sources.list.d/cassandra.list'
It will not return any output.
Step 3 – Install Apache Cassandra
You are now ready to install Cassandra on your Debian system.
Update the repository package list:
sudo apt update
Finally, run the following command to install Apache Cassandra:
sudo apt install Cassandra
Apache Cassandra service will automatically start after the installation process is complete.
Step 4 – Verify Apache Cassandra Installation
After that, to check the Cassandra installed and running properly, type:
It should show output something like below:
Datacenter: datacenter1 ======================= Status=Up/Down |/ State=Normal/Leaving/Joining/Moving -- Address Load Tokens Owns (effective) Host ID Rack UN 127.0.0.1 103.71 KiB 256 100.0% dd8f6709-08ef-45b8-881e-5c1b5bbfc7f7 rack1
That’s it. At this step, Apache Cassandra is installed on your Debian server.
Step 5 – Configuring Apache Cassandra
The configuration files are located in
/var/lib/cassandra directory holds the Apache Cassandra data files. You can configure the Java start-up options in the
If the database is running on the same host then you don’t need to change anything in the configuration. By default, Cassandra is configured to listen on localhost only.
To make connection with Cassandra using CQL you can use the default command-line tool cqlsh which is shipped with the Cassandra package.
Connected to Test Cluster at 127.0.0.1:9042. [cqlsh 5.0.1 | Cassandra 3.11.5 | CQL spec 3.4.4 | Native protocol v4] Use HELP for help. cqlsh>
You have learned how to install Apache Cassandra on Debian 10. To learn more about Cassandra, visit the official Apache Cassandra Documentation page.
If you have a problem or suggestion, please leave a comment below.
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