Docker application is used to manage multiple application processes in container. Using docker you can build, test and deploy applications that can run anywhere as portable and self-sufficient containers. In this article described how to install Docker on Ubuntu 22.04 system.
Before you start install, you must have non-root user account with sudo privileges.
Installing Docker on Ubuntu
Docker is available in the standard Ubuntu 22.04 repositories, but it may not always be the latest version. So we will install latest Docker package on Ubuntu system from the Docker’s repositories.
Follow the steps to install docker on Ubuntu 22.04.
Step 1 – Update Package Manager
At first, update the package manager index list and upgrade the system to latest using below command:
sudo apt update && sudo apt upgrade
Step 2 – Install Dependencies
Before process ahead we need to install dependencies which are required to enable Docker repository. Execute the command to install dependencies:
sudo apt install apt-transport-https ca-certificates curl gnupg-agent software-properties-common
Step 3 – Import GPG Key
Now Import the GPG key for repository using following curl command:
curl -fsSL https://download.docker.com/linux/ubuntu/gpg | sudo gpg --dearmor -o /usr/share/keyrings/docker-archive-keyring.gpg
After that, add Docker repository to your system’s software repository list by typing:
echo "deb [arch=$(dpkg --print-architecture) signed-by=/usr/share/keyrings/docker-archive-keyring.gpg] https://download.docker.com/linux/ubuntu $(lsb_release -cs) stable" | sudo tee /etc/apt/sources.list.d/docker.list > /dev/null
Now Docker repository is enabled so update apt package manager index list again using below command:
sudo apt update
Step 4 – Install Docker
Install latest version of Docker Community Edition using below:
sudo apt install docker-ce
Once the installation completed the service of docker will start automatically. You can check it by issuing below command:
sudo systemctl status docker
● docker.service - Docker Application Container Engine Loaded: loaded (/lib/systemd/system/docker.service; enabled; vendor preset: enabled) Active: active (running) since Thu 2022-11-14 09:14:25 UTC; 42s ago ...
Step 5 – Check Version
At the time of writing, the latest stable version of Docker is 20.10.20. You also can check the version of Docker using below command:
Docker version 20.10.20
Executing docker command without sudo
sudo privileges to run. Add your user to docker group to run docker without sudo privileges. The docker group is created at the installation of docker CE package.
Run the below command to add your user to docker group:
sudo usermod -aG docker $USER
After that, Log out and log back in to apply membership.
Run the below command to verify that you have added docker group :
tecnstuff sudo docker
How to Use Docker Command
Below is the basic syntax for the
docker [option] [subcommand] [arguments]
You can get list of all docker subcommands by issuing below command:
If you need any help about subcommand then you can use following command:
docker docker-subcommand --help
You can update docker new version when it is released. You just have to run below commands:
sudo apt update
sudo apt upgrade
Uninstall process of Docker is same as any other packages installed using apt:
sudo apt purge docker-ce
sudo apt autoremove
Congratulations! You learned how to install docker on Ubuntu 22.04 system. To learn more about Docker check out the official Docker documentation.
Feel free to leave a comment, if you have any question or suggestion.