In this tutorial we will show how install Java on Ubuntu 22.04. Java is one of the most popular programming language used to build flexible and maintainable applications and systems.
Java comes in two different implementations OpenJDK and Oracle Java. Oracle java provides commercial features. It’s license allows only non-commercial use of software, for personal use or development use.
The default Ubuntu 22.04 repositories include two OpenJDK packages, Java Runtime Environment (JRE) and Java Development Kit (JDK).
- JRE (Java Runtime Environment) – It includes a set of software tools, classes and binaries that require for the execution of Java applications.
- JDK (Java Development Kit) – It is development environment and needed for the development of Java application. It includes an interpreter, a compiler, an archiver, and other software tools.
- OpenJDK – It’s an open-source implementation of JDK. If you are not sure which Java package to install then you should stick to the default OpenJDK.
You should have a Ubuntu 22.04 instance with a system user with sudo privileges.
How to Install Java on Ubuntu 22.04
Perform the following steps to install Java on Ubuntu 22.04:
Step 1 – Update System
First of all you have to update your system using the below given command:
sudo apt update
Step 2 – Install OpenJDK
By default Ubuntu 22.04 includes Open JDK 11, which is an open-source variant of the JRE and JDK.
sudo apt install openjdk-jdk
Step 2 – Verify Installation
Once the installation is complete, you can verify it by checking the Java version:
It should show output as below:
openjdk version "11.0.17" 2022-11-18 OpenJDK Runtime Environment (build 11.0.17+8-post-Ubuntu-3ubuntu1) OpenJDK 64-Bit Server VM (build 11.0.17+8-post-Ubuntu-3ubuntu1, mixed mode, sharing)
All done! Java is install on your Ubuntu 22.04 system.
Set the default Java version
You can set the default Java version, If you have multiple Java versions installed on your Ubuntu system. First of all, check the current default version by typing:
To change the default version use the update-alternatives command:
sudo update-alternatives --config java
It should show output like this:
There are 2 choices for the alternative java (providing /usr/bin/java). Selection Path Priority Status ------------------------------------------------------------ * 0 /usr/lib/jvm/java-11-openjdk-amd64/bin/java 1111 auto mode 1 /usr/lib/jvm/java-11-openjdk-amd64/bin/java 1111 manual mode 2 /usr/lib/jvm/java-19-openjdk-amd64/jre/bin/java 1191 manual mode Press <enter> to keep the current choice[*], or type selection number:
It will show the list of installed Java versions. Select the version which you want to set as default by entering number and hit
JAVA_HOME Environment Variable
JAVA_HOME environment variable holds the Java installation location which used by the Java applications.
At first, use
update-alternatives command to find where the Java versions are installed:
sudo update-alternatives --config java
It will show the path where Java is installed. In this example the installation paths are as follows:
- OpenJDK 11 is located at /usr/lib/jvm/java-11-openjdk-amd64/bin/java
- Oracle Java is located at /usr/lib/jvm/java-11-oracle/jre/bin/java
Now, open the
/etc/environment file by typing:
sudo nano /etc/environment
To set Java 11 as default, set Java 11 installation path to
JAVA_HOME as given below, at the end of file:
To confirm the Java environment variable setting, run the command.
You should see the path to the Java installation:
Uninstall of Java is simple process like any other packages installed with apt:
For example, to uninstall the
openjdk-jdk package simply run:
sudo apt remove openjdk-jdk
The latest LTS version OpenJDK 11 and previous LTS version OpenJDK 11 are available in the default Ubuntu 22.04 repositories. The installation is a very simple and straightforward task. You learned how to install different java version on Ubuntu 22.04.
If you have any query or suggestion, feel free to leave a comment.