Jenkins is an open-source automation server. It’s a continuous integration tool that offers number of plugins for building deployments and automation for your applications. This also helps to automate the repetitive tasks involved in the software development process. This tutorial will guide you how to install Jenkins on Debian 10 Buster system.
Step 1 – Prerequisites
- You must be login as root or user with sudo privileges.
- Jenkins is written in Java, it required Java runtime environment for running. If you don’t have Java installed on your system, run below commands for update the package index and install the OpenJDK 11:
sudo apt update
sudo apt install default-jdk
Step 2 – Enable Jenkins PPA
We will download and import the Jenkins repository GPG keys using wget:
wget -q -O - https://pkg.jenkins.io/debian/jenkins.io.key | sudo apt-key add -
It will show
OK as output upon the the successfully key import. Run the following command to add the Jenkins repository to your system:
sudo sh -c 'echo deb http://pkg.jenkins.io/debian-stable binary/ > /etc/apt/sources.list.d/jenkins.list'
Step 3 – Install Jenkins on Debian
apt package list. After that you can install the latest version of Jenkins:
sudo apt update
sudo apt install jenkins
The default Jenkins runs on port
8080. If other service is using same port, you can edit
/etc/default/jenkins configuration file and update
HTTP_PORT value to
8081 or other port.
Enable and start the Jenkins service by executing:
sudo systemctl enable --now jenkins
Step 4 – Setting Up Jenkins
To access your server, open your favorite browser and type your domain or IP address, followed by port 8080 (or changed port), http://your_domain_or_ip_address:8080.
It will show screen as below.
The default installation password can be found at
/var/lib/jenkins/secrets/initialAdminPassword as showing in above image. To find the password type:
sudo cat /var/lib/jenkins/secrets/initialAdminPassword
Enter the password it into the Administrator password field and click on
Next, you will be asked to install suggested plugins or you want to select specific plugins. Click on the
Install suggested plugins box, and the installation process will start immediately.
Next, create an admin account for your Jenkins setup. Fill out the required information and click Save and Continue.
After that, page will ask you to set the URL for your Jenkins instance. The field will be populated with an automatically generated URL.
Check the URL and click on the
Save and Finish button to complete the process.
Click on the
Start using Jenkins button, and you will be redirected to the Jenkins dashboard logged in as the admin user you have created in one of the previous steps.
That’s it, you’ve successfully installed Jenkins on your system.
You have learned how to install and complete the initial configuration of Jenkins on Debian 10 system. To learn more about Jenkins take a look at official Jenkins documentation page.
If you have any questions or suggestion, please leave a comment below.