LAMP stack on Debian 9 is a group of open-source software that is typically installed together to host dynamic websites. LAMP stands for Linux OS, with Apache web server, Data store in a MySql or MariaDB database, and dynamic content is processed by PHP.
Install LAMP Stack on Debian 9
This tutorial will shows one by one step how to install LAMP stack on Debian 9 server.
Firstly, you need Debian 9 server with a non-root sudo enabled user account.
Step 1 – Installing Apache
Apache web server is most popular web server in the world. It also has a great community support so it’s default choice for hosting a website. Execute following commands to install Apache :
sudo apt update
sudo apt install apache2
Here, we use sudo as command so these operations are executed with root privileges. It will prompt you to enter your regular user password to verify.
On entering correct password, it will show details which packages will be install and how much disk space they will take. Press Y and hit Enter to continue and installation process will started.
After that, Make sure that your firewall allows HTTP and HTTPS traffic. You can check “WWW Full” profile enables traffic or not :
sudo ufw app info "WWW Full"
Profile: WWW Full
Title: Web Server (HTTP,HTTPS)
Description: Web server (HTTP,HTTPS)
It should show that it enables traffic to ports 80 and 443 or you can Allow incoming HTTP and HTTPS traffic for this profile:
sudo ufw allow in "WWW Full"
You can test it quickly by visiting your server’s public IP address in your web browser.
It should display a default Debian 9 Apache web page as following screenshot :
If it will show this page then your Apache installation is successful.
Step 2 – Installing MariaDB
MariaDB is a multi-threaded and open-source database management system which will organize and provide access to databases where your site can store information. It is a replacement of MySql and developed by some of the original developers of the MySql.
With the release of Debian 9, MySQL was replaced with MariaDB as the default database system.
Execute following command to install mysql server.
sudo apt install mariadb-server
By default, MariaDB service will start automatically. You can verify it by typing:
sudo systemctl status mariadb
Finally, your MariaDB server is installed and ready to use.
Step 3 – Installing PHP
PHP component will process code to display dynamic content. Execute below command with helper packages so it can communicate with Apache and can make connection with MariaDB database.
sudo apt install php libapache2-mod-php php-mysql
So PHP installed without any issue and we will check it now. Now, restart Apache web server in order to get your changes by executing below command :
sudo systemctl restart apache2
Step 4 – Testing Setup
In order to test that your system is configured properly for PHP, create a very basic PHP script called info.php.
So create this file at web root of server. In Debian 9 directory is located at /var/www/html/ so create file here by executing this command :
sudo nano /var/www/html/info.php
Add the following PHP code inside the file:
At last, Save and close file. Now visit this page in web browser using your server’s public IP address as following :
It should show as following screenshot:
Finally, you finished it.