MariaDB is a multi-threaded and open-source database management system which will organize and provide access to databases where your site can store information. It is a replacement of MySQL and developed by some of the original developers of the MySQL.
With the release of Debian 9, MySQL was replaced with MariaDB as the default database system.
Install MariaDB on Debian 9
In this tutorial you will learn step by step how to install MariaDB on a Debian 9 server.
At first, you need Debian 9 server with a non-root sudo enabled user account.
By default, MariaDB version 10.1 is included on Debian 9 in the APT package repositories.
So first, update the package index on your server with apt.
sudo apt update
After that, install package by typing :
sudo apt install mariadb-server
It will start automatically MariaDB service.
To increase security of MariaDB installation run the included security script. This will remove less secure default options such as root remote login and remove sample users. Run the below command :
At first, it will prompt you to enter current root user password. Next, it will ask you weather you want to change or set password for root. Press N and hit Enter key. After that it will prompt series of questions, press Y and hit Enter to accept the defaults for all the subsequent questions.
This will remove some anonymous users and the test database, disable remote root logins, and load these new rules so that MariaDB immediately respects the changes you have made.
Run below command to check MariaDB service status:
sudo systemctl status mariadb
It will show output as following :
● mariadb.service - MariaDB 10.1.37 database server
Loaded: loaded (/lib/systemd/system/mariadb.service; enabled; vendor preset: enabled)
Active: active (running) since Fri 2019-03-22 16:36:30 UTC; 48min ago
Main PID: 482 (mysqld)
Status: "Taking your SQL requests now…"
Tasks: 27 (limit: 4915)
Connect to MariaDB from the command line
You can also connect MariaDB server through the terminal as the root account by typing:
mysql -u root -p
You will be prompted to enter the root password. Enter root user password which you set at securing step.
Once you will enter correct password it will show MariaDB shell as shown below:
Welcome to the MariaDB monitor. Commands end with ; or \g.
Your MariaDB connection id is 12
Server version: 10.1.37-MariaDB-0+deb9u1 Debian 9.6
Copyright (c) 2000, 2018, Oracle, MariaDB Corporation Ab and others.
Type 'help;' or '\h' for help. Type '\c' to clear the current input statement.