MariaDB is a multi-threaded and open-source database management system which used as alternate of MySQL. It’s developed by some of the original developers of the MySQL. This tutorial covers how to install MariaDB on Ubuntu 20.04.
You must logged in as root or non-root sudo enabled user account.
Step 1 – Installing MariaDB
By default, Ubuntu 20.04 APT repositories includes MariaDB version 10.3.
At first, update the package index on your server with apt.
sudo apt update
After that, install MariaDB server and client packages by by typing :
sudo apt install mariadb-server
It will start automatically MariaDB service.
Step 2 – Securing MariaDB
To increase security of MariaDB installation run the included security script. This will remove less secure default options such as root remote login and remove sample users. Run the below command :
First, it will prompt you to enter current
root user password. Next, it will ask you weather you want to change or set password for root. Press
N and hit
Enter key. After that it will prompt series of questions, press
Y and hit
Enter to accept the defaults for all the subsequent questions.
This will remove some anonymous users and the test database, disable remote root logins, and load these new rules so that MariaDB immediately respects the changes you have made.
Step 3 – Verify MariaDB
Run below command to check MariaDB service status:
sudo systemctl status mariadb
It will show output something like this:
● mariadb.service - MariaDB 10.3.22 database server Loaded: loaded (/lib/systemd/system/mariadb.service; enabled; vendor preset: enabled) Active: active (running) since Tue 2020-05-12 13:38:18 UTC; 3min 55s ago Docs: man:mysqld(8) https://mariadb.com/kb/en/library/systemd/ Main PID: 25914 (mysqld) Status: "Taking your SQL requests now..." Tasks: 31 (limit: 2345) Memory: 65.6M
Step 4 – Connect to MariaDB
You can also connect MariaDB server through the terminal as the root account by typing:
mysql -u root -p
You will be prompted to enter the root password. Enter root user password which you set at securing step.
Once you will enter correct password it will show MariaDB shell.
Welcome to the MariaDB monitor. Commands end with ; or \g. Your MariaDB connection id is 8 Server version: 10.3.22-MariaDB MariaDB Server Copyright (c) 2000, 2018, Oracle, MariaDB Corporation Ab and others. Type 'help;' or '\h' for help. Type '\c' to clear the current input statement. MariaDB [(none)]>
This tutorial shown you how to install and secure MariaDB on a Ubuntu 20.04 server.
If you have any question or suggestion, please leave comment below.