MariaDB is an open-source and multi-threaded database management system which used as alternate of MySQL in LAMP stack. It’s developed by some of the original developers of the MySQL. This tutorial covers how to install MariaDB on Ubuntu 22.04.
- You must logged in as root or non-root sudo enabled user account.
How to Install MariaDB on Ubuntu 22.04
Perform the following instructions to install MariaDB on your Ubuntu 22.04 system:
Step 1 – Update System Packages
At first, you need to update the system packages using below command:
sudo apt update
It will update all the packages.
Step 2 – Install Required Packages
Using below given command you can install required packages for MariaDB installation:
sudo apt-get install wget software-properties-common dirmngr ca-certificates apt-transport-https -y
Step 3 – Install MariaDB
By default, Ubuntu 22.04 APT repositories includes MariaDB package. At the time of writing this article the latest version in ubuntu repository is 10.6.7.
To install MariaDB server and client packages issue the below given command:
sudo apt install mariadb-server mariadb-client
Installation may take few minutes to complete, depends on your server configuration.
It will start automatically MariaDB service.
Step 4 – Securing MariaDB
To increase security of MariaDB installation run the included security script. This will remove less secure default options such as root remote login and remove sample users. Run the below command :
First, it will prompt you to enter current
root user password. Next, it will ask you weather you want to change or set password for root. Press
N and hit
Enter key. After that it will prompt series of questions, press
Y and hit
Enter to accept the defaults for all the subsequent questions.
This will remove some anonymous users and the test database, disable remote root logins, and load these new rules so that MariaDB immediately respects the changes you have made.
Step 5 – Verify MariaDB
Execute below given command to check MariaDB service status:
sudo systemctl status mariadb
It will show output something like this:
● mariadb.service - MariaDB 10.6.7 database server Loaded: loaded (/lib/systemd/system/mariadb.service; enabled; vendor preset: enabled) Active: active (running) since Tue 2022-11-19 06:25:55 UTC; 12min 45s ago Docs: man:mysqld(8) https://mariadb.com/kb/en/library/systemd/ ...
Step 6 – Connect to MariaDB
You can connect MariaDB server through the terminal by typing:
It will show MariaDB shell.
Welcome to the MariaDB monitor. Commands end with ; or \g. Your MariaDB connection id is 8 Server version: 10.6.7-MariaDB-2ubuntu MariaDB Server Copyright (c) 2000, 2018, Oracle, MariaDB Corporation Ab and others. Type 'help;' or '\h' for help. Type '\c' to clear the current input statement. MariaDB [(none)]>
Step 7 – Flush Privileges
Before going ahead, it’s recommended to flush all privileges using below given command:
This tutorial shown you how to install and secure MariaDB on a Ubuntu 22.04 server.
If you have any question or suggestion, please leave comment below.