In Linux, a cron job means a task that should execute at defined intervals. You can set interval of a minute, hour, day of the week, month, day of the month, or in any combination of these units. In this tutorial we will show you how to run
cron job in Linux system.
The Cron jobs are mostly used to do automatic task like backing up data or databases, update the system with latest security patches, sending emails, monitor system and more. Commonly,
cron job runs at every 5, 10, or 15 minutes intervals.
Crontab is a text file that contains the schedule of the cron jobs. You can create, view, modify or delete with
In the crontab tab file you should defined separate line for each cron. Each line contains six fields separated by a space followed by the command to be run:
* * * * * command(s) ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ | | | | | allowed values | | | | | ------- | | | | ----- Day of week (0 - 7) (Sunday=0 or 7) | | | ------- Month (1 - 12) | | --------- Day of month (1 - 31) | ----------- Hour (0 - 23) ------------- Minute (0 - 59)
You can define following operators for first five fields (time and date):
*– The asterisk operator means, it allowed all values. So if the asterisk symbol in the Minute field then it will perform at each minute.
-– You can specify a range of values using the hyphen operator. For example, if set
2-4in the Day of the week field then task will be run on every Tuesday to Thursday.
,– The comma operator allows you to define a list of values for repetition. If you have set
2,3,6in the Hour field then the task will run at 2 am, 3 am and 6 am.
/– To set step value you can use the slash operator allows you to specify step values that can be used in conjunction with ranges. For instance, if you set
1-20/3in the Minutes field the action will be performed every two minutes in range
1-20, same as specifying
1,3,5,7,9. You also can use the asterisk operator to specify a job to run at every 20 minutes like “*/20”.
Create / Modify crontab file
If the crontab file not exists or want to modify then you can use
crontab -e command.
Run a Cron Job Every 5 Minutes
To run cron job at every five minutes you should use the step operator and add the following line to crontab file:
*/5 * * * * command
*/5 means create a list of all minutes and run the job for every fifth value from the list.
You also can run
cron job at every five minutes using comma operator by creating list of minutes:
0,5,10,15,20,25,30,35,40,45,50,55 * * * * command
The first method is easy to use and recommended.
Run a Cron Job Every 10 Minutes
Append the following line to run
cron job at every 10 minutes interval:
*/10 * * * * command
Run a Cron Job Every 15 Minutes
Add the following line to run
cron job at every 15 minutes interval:
*/15 * * * * command
In this guide you learned how to run a
cron job at every 5, 10 and 15 minutes interval.
If you have any question, feel free to leave a comment below.
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