wall is a command line tool used to show message on the terminals of all logged-in users.
wall stands for write all. Generally, it is used by system administrators to announce of maintenance and further use. This guide covers the use of wall command in Linux.
The message sent using wall will display on the terminals of logged-in user and who have terminal open. In a response every user can write the message with the mesg utility.
Broadcasting a Message
Following is the basic syntax of
wall [OPTIONS] [FILE|MESSAGE]
It is very simple to broadcast the message, invoke
wall command followed by the message as an argument:
wall "The system will be reboot in 20 minutes."
Broadcast message from email@example.com (pts/0) (Sun Oct 8 15:12:17 2020): The system will be reboot in 20 minutes.
It will show the message to the all users who are currently logged in. You can check the currently logged-in users using w command.
--nobanner) option with wall to show only the text to the logged-in users:
wall -n "The system will be restarted in 10 minutes."
The system will be reboot in 20 minutes.
If you want to write multi-line messages, invoke the
wall command without an argument:
It will hold until the text entered by you. Press
Ctrl+D to end the program and broadcast the message.
You also can use the pipe or string redirection the output of another command to wall. Following the example of
echo command to broadcast the multi-line message.
echo "The system will be reboot in 20 minutes. \nPlease close your all programs." | wall
Broadcasting a Message From a File
If you frequently sending same messages, you can define it in separate file and you don’t have to type every time.
wall command can read the file if you invoked as root.
Here is the example, how to broadcast the message of a file, run the
wall command followed by file name:
Broadcast message from firstname.lastname@example.org (pts/0) (Sun Oct 8 17:18:06 2020): The system will be reboot in 20 minutes.
Broadcasting a Message to a Group
To send the message to a specific group members only, invoke the wall command with the
--group) option, followed by the group name.
For example, to broadcast message only to the members of the “tns” group, you would run:
wall -g tns "The system will be reboot in 20 minutes."
You also can specify the group id instead of name.
wall command you can send the message to all currently logged-in users.
If you have any questions or feedback, feel free to leave a comment below.